Best practices and references below are based on published guidance from the cloud service provider and may reference native capabilities the cloud service provider offers. If you are not using the native security capabilities, the same security requirement can be met using other security capabilities your organization utilizes
AWS Security Best Practices
There are a number of security considerations when attempting to secure your SNS instances. See below for some key considerations. Refer to oak9's security blueprint for S3 for more details.
Ensure topics aren't publicly accessible
Unless you explicitly require anyone on the internet to be able to read or write to your Amazon SNS topic, you should ensure that your topic isn't publicly accessible (accessible by everyone in the world or by any authenticated AWS user).
- Avoid creating policies with
- Avoid using a wildcard (
*). Instead, name a specific user or users.
Implement least-privilege access
When you grant permissions, you decide who receives them, which topics the permissions are for, and specific API actions that you want to allow for these topics. Implementing the principle of least privilege is important to reducing security risks. It also helps to reduce the negative effect of errors or malicious intent.
Follow the standard security advice of granting least privilege. That is, grant only the permissions required to perform a specific task. You can implement least privilege by using a combination of security policies pertaining to user access.
Amazon SNS uses the publisher-subscriber model, requiring three types of user account access:
- Administrators – Access to creating, modifying, and deleting topics. Administrators also control topic policies.
- Publishers – Access to sending messages to topics.
- Subscribers – Access to subscribing to topics.
Use IAM roles for applications and AWS services which require Amazon SNS access
For applications or AWS services, such as Amazon EC2, to access Amazon SNS topics, they must use valid AWS credentials in their AWS API requests. Because these credentials aren't rotated automatically, you shouldn't store AWS credentials directly in the application or EC2 instance.
You should use an IAM role to manage temporary credentials for applications or services that need to access Amazon SNS. When you use a role, you don't need to distribute long-term credentials (such as a user name, password, and access keys) to an EC2 instance or AWS service, such as AWS Lambda. Instead, the role supplies temporary permissions that applications can use when they make calls to other AWS resources
Implement server-side encryption
To mitigate data leakage issues, use encryption at rest to encrypt your messages using a key stored in a different location from the location that stores your messages. Server-side encryption (SSE) provides data encryption at rest. Amazon SNS encrypts your data at the message level when it stores it, and decrypts the messages for you when you access them. SSE uses keys managed in AWS Key Management Service. When you authenticate your request and have access permissions, there is no difference between accessing encrypted and unencrypted topics
Enforce encryption of data in transit
It's possible, but not recommended, to publish messages that are not encrypted during transit by using HTTP. You can't, however, use HTTP when publishing to an encrypted SNS topic.
AWS recommends that you use HTTPS instead of HTTP. When you use HTTPS, messages are automatically encrypted during transit, even if the SNS topic itself isn't encrypted. Without HTTPS, a network-based attacker can eavesdrop on network traffic or manipulate it using an attack such as man-in-the-middle.
To enforce only encrypted connections over HTTPS, add the
aws:SecureTransportcondition in the IAM policy that's attached to unencrypted SNS topics. This forces message publishers to use HTTPS instead of HTTP
Consider using VPC endpoints to access Amazon SNS
If you have topics that you must be able to interact with, but these topics must absolutely not be exposed to the internet, use VPC endpoints to limit topic access to only the hosts within a particular VPC. You can use topic policies to control access to topics from specific Amazon VPC endpoints or from specific VPCs.
Amazon SNS VPC endpoints provide two ways to control access to your messages:
- You can control the requests, users, or groups that are allowed through a specific VPC endpoint.
- You can control which VPCs or VPC endpoints have access to your topic using a topic policy
Ensure subscriptions are not configured to deliver to raw http endpoints
Avoid configuring subscriptions to deliver to a raw http endpoints. Always have subscriptions delivering to an endpoint domain name. For example, a subscription configured to deliver to an endpoint,
http://22.214.171.124/my-path, should be changed to